Why mosquitoes are a pest
Mosquitoes are small, midge-like flies that pierce the hosts’ skin to consume blood. However, only adult females feed on blood for production of eggs. The saliva of the mosquito often causes an irritating rash that is a serious nuisance due to swelling and itching caused. Much more serious though, are the roles of many species of mosquitoes in transmitting variety of diseases, such as Dengue Fever, Chikungunya, yellow fever, and Zika virus.
Adult females bite primarily during the day and peak after sunrise and before sunset. Biting activity usually occurs outdoors. They have a short flight range, 50–100 m and prefer darker colours of black and red. They normally rest outdoors.
Adult females bite throughout the night. They are long distance fliers and prefer darker colours. They normally rest indoors before and after blood meals, but sometimes can also be found resting outdoors.
Adult females mate, bite, and oviposit at night. They rest indoors or outdoors before and after blood meals, depending on the species.